Armored Cores are the titular highly-advanced, mechanized fighting vehicles (mecha) utilized in the Armored Core game series. Armored Cores are almost always the deciding factor in battles they present themselves in, and possess extraordinary firepower for their size and weight. The exact size for an Armored Core (typically abbreviated "AC") is highly variable, and can be anywhere between ten to five meters, depending on the generation.
Armored Cores can be classified into five generations, running parallel to the numbers of each new reboot/sequel: First, Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth, with each improving or changing with each shift. Earlier generations of Armored Core were unsophisticated, largely designed for straight, face-to-face combat, whereas newer model Armored Cores are extremely fast and deadly, capable of leveling armies in a single, devastating volley of fire.
As related by the histories of every Armored Core game up to Last Raven, the Armored Core began as Muscle Tracers (MTs). MTs are relatively small vehicles, normally walkers in nature, originally designed in the civilian sector for construction work and other remedial heavy lifting tasks. Of course, this only lasted so long, as both private military contractors and national militaries weaponized MT technology. MT combat units began as reverse joint walking tanks, usually equipped with single, medium-caliber cannons and rockets, or small, spider-like, quadrupedal light units equipped with rockets or machine guns.
Over time, the amount and types of MTs grew significantly; MTs weren't significantly more expensive than their conventional warfare counterparts, but did not completely replace them. Often, MTs were deployed alongside tanks, fighter aircraft, helicopter gunships, other conventional fighting vehicles, and of course, infantry.
The natural evolution of the MT was the bipedal model; high-end MTs were soon being produced with experimental laser blade technology, as well as other laser-based rifle weaponry, conventional missile launchers, and other, varying standard armaments. The next step after this was the Cored MT which was followed closely by the Armored Core: a modular, customizable unit that could be tailored to the pilot. This was likely a development directly preceding, or occurring after, the Great Destruction during the Armored Core-Armored Core: Another Age timeline; it is unknown where this development came in the other two known timelines.
As the Armored Core was developed, the new, mercenary pilots called Ravens became the dominant force on the battlefield; a single Raven piloting a medium- or high-quality Armored Core could level an enemy force with relative ease. Armored Cores possessed extremely high-quality armor and energy shields, when compared to even their high-end MT peers.
An Armored Core was made up of the following parts:
- Head - The head unit contains visual sensors, optional radar and computer equipment. The radar and computing functions can include bio-sensors, noise cancelers, night-vision, missile sensors, other map-related functions and the extremely important FCS. Of course, all of these can be disregarded if a pilot wishes for a high-armor model. Head parts are generally lightly armored, and they have the lowest amount of AP of all the components, even if they are heavy models, however.
- Core - The torso area of the AC, and the "armored core" from which the games take their name. This is also where the pilot controls his AC, and is the final part of the Armored Core to be destroyed during combat. In general, the Core is the most durable part of an AC, as expected.
- Arms - The arms are where most weapons are fixed. Heavier arms usually boast better firing stability and armor, whereas light arms usually relate to how quickly the craft can take aim or use a laser blade. Arms can also have inbuilt weapons, which are usually lighter than having arm/weapon combinations; however, they likewise lack the armor total of regular arm units.
- Legs - Legs are the deciding factor of the AC's movement. There are different types, including bipedal (normal and reverse-jointed), quadrupedal (providing superior ground based mobility), and tank legs (providing massive amounts of armor at the cost of speed). Bipedal legs are divided into three sub-groups: Middle legs, which are the all around basic legs for most ACs; Light, which offer extreme speed at the cost of carry weight; and Heavy, the natural opposite of light, which allow high carry weights while limiting mobility. Reverse joint legs also come in three weights, carrying the same traits of bipedal legs; however, reverse joint legs are suited more to aerial combat, with high jumping ability and good energy use. Conversely, quadrupedal legs are the opposite of reverse joint legs, specializing in ground attack, and ill suited to aerial combat, with high energy drain. Lastly, tank legs are supremely heavy, and are highly detrimental to speed; however, tank legs also offer the highest carry weight of all the leg types.
- FCS - The Firing Control System is the craft's targeting computer. FCS come in many different types, each specializing to a different kind of weapon. From the pilot's perspective, an FCS creates a "firebox;" any enemy within targetable range that enters the box will be targeted by any weapon with sufficient range to hit it. A sniper-oriented FCS will create a smaller box, while a machine gun-type-weapon-oriented FCS will create a wider FCS. Also affecting the size of the box is the weapon used; a sniper rifle will decrease the size of the box, while a shotgun will increase it.
- Boosters - These are the thrust systems of an AC, and enable it to fly and boost along the ground. They usually are either efficient for longer use, or powerful for greater speeds. The actual method of thrust is unknown, but it can be deduced that, as the generator is likely not fossil fuel based, the boosters use some sort of ion-reaction drive or other method of propulsion.
- Generator - The AC's engine, this part supplies power to all parts of the AC. Like the boosters, the exact method of supplying power to the AC is not known specifically, though the seemingly limitless energy providable by the generator and its ability to power all of the functions of an AC at once, while still keeping the likely very heavy vehicle airborne, would indicate that it is a nuclear fusion-based power source.
- Weapons - The key component of any AC, weapons are what allow them to take on almost any threat. The sheer variety and quantity are what sets it apart from its predecessor, the MTs.
- Optional Parts - Various modular units which "plugged" into the AC's core, these parts had widely varying effects and could improve anything from turning speed to energy weapon damage. Each core had a limited number of "slots" into which these parts could plug into, and each optional part utilized a set number of slots, increasing based on the part's perceived power and usefulness.Lighter cores usually have more option slots while heavily armored cores have limited number of slots.
The First Generation - AC1 to Master of ArenaEdit
The First Generation of Armored Cores set the standard for all future Armored Cores to surpass.
While limited in terms of variety in comparison with later generations a First Generation unit still had a wide option weaponry, and made up for lack of volume by the sheer power they possessed. Many weapons were capable of annihilating ACs with only a few blasts, such as the infamous Moonlight and Karasawa.
Mobility wise, they were very limited, with only a single or dual booster available for movement. While moderately quick, it was predictable and without other secondary mobility options other than walk.
The First Generation is also known to have the most offshoots and branches of Armored Cores. There are three main types beyond the first original regular Armored Cores:
Scaled down versions of the AC, GPACs were hybrid MT/ACs which were created for mass production. They were very fast and capable of boosting, and had basic weapons such as the bazooka and laser blade. While not as powerful as a regular Armored Core, their swift speed and high performance made them dangerous in large numbers.
- Mass Productions Armored Core (MPAC)
While the GPAC was a scaled down version of the Armored Core meant for mass production, the MPAC was a regular Armored Core that was "scaled up" so to speak to be above the capabilities of a regular unit. The only real difference is that the MPAC was internally modified in some way to enhance its abilities. Despite this the unit does not have Human PLUS and also like the GPAC, is much less durable. Examples include the Swift and Spiteful.
- Custom Armored Cores
Whereas an ordinary AC would be composed of multiple mass produced parts, the Custom was produced specifically as a single set of parts custom designed by a corporation and was never reproduced. Custom ACs often were much more powerful than ordinary Armored Cores, but are also considerably rarer. The two most prominent examples are the AC Vixen and Nine-Ball Seraph.
The First Generation was also unique in that it was the only generation to appear outside of the original games it appeared in. Specifically, the First Generation appeared again in Armored Core 4 and Armored Core: For Answer as a standard enemy, called Normals, to underline the extreme superiority of the Fourth Generation Armored Core. Despite their name, they are more akin to MTs as they are standardized and have little difference between models other than weapon swaps.
The drawbacks of the First Generation Armored Core were readily apparent as one was used; the primary method of thrust, the boosters, did not provide any method of bursting in speed, and made rapid dodging maneuvers ineffective. Also, although First Generation Armored Core-grade weaponry was effective against other Armored Cores of the same generation, and lesser enemies, it simply did not have the stopping power to fight higher-generation Armored Cores, as demonstrated by the Fourth Generation Armored Core's ability to eradicate whole squads of First Generation Armored Cores while taking minimal damage itself.
Another key disadvantage that would carry on until the Fourth Generation is the lack of a speed control; that is to say, the ability to stay at a certain speed. Generally speaking, an AC had only two speeds: absolute standstill or absolute maximum; there was no way to allow the pilot adjust in any form and was only capable of reaching its maximum speed. The only known work around to this was "bunny hopping," activating the booster for a moment to jump and continue going.
Although it had perhaps some of the most powerful weapons, another issue the First Generation suffered from was the inability to use more than one weapon at time. This would later be rectified in the Third Generation and all following ones.
The Second Generation - AC2 to Another AgeEdit
The following improvements were made from the First Generation to the Second Generation:
- Over Boost - Arguably the most important improvement the Second Generation possesses over the First Generation. Overboost is a larger, more powerful, burst-type booster mounted in the back of the AC's core. When active, plates or panels on the back of the Armored Core will open to reveal the overbooster(s), which will charge briefly before explosively accelerating the Armored Core to speeds approaching 900mph (approximately Mach 1.15), depending on the core and the overbooster. This alleviates the problem of the Armored Core's relatively slow (300-500mph) average speed when using standard boost. The obvious drawback of overboosters is the massive amount of energy drained when in use.
- Extension Weaponry - The other extremely important advancement of the Second Generation, extension weapons are mounted on the Armored Core's shoulders. When activated, they perform whatever task the weapon is designed for, usually mundane and non-offensive, though offensive weapons exist. Extension weapons include relation missiles, which, when active, fire missiles simultaneously with any missiles fired from the back until the ammunition is depleted; anti-missile systems (either anti-missile missiles or lasers) which target inbound missiles and shoot them down with more frequency and accuracy than the core-mounted anti-missile gun; directional boosters, which spontaneously and violently push an Armored Core in a predetermined direction (backwards, down, and in a 90 degree turn); and energy or solid-armor shields.
- Inside Weaponry - Weaponry mounted on the inside of an Armored Core's core, inside weapons were normally auxiliary in nature, and often indirect. Inside weaponry included dumb-fired bombs (both solid and energy based), which were launched blindly backwards from the Armored Core, and best used for bombing targets from the air; mine layers; ECM makers, which placed ECM pods which disrupted radar; missile decoys, which were static decoys which attracted enemy missiles; a backwards firing vulcan (chain) gun; and an orbit cannon maker, which created a small, stationary laser turret.
- Radiators - An interesting addition to the Second Generation, the radiator's introduction in Armored Core 2 marked the beginning of the heat management system. With this addition, all weapons generated some amount of heat on impact; the radiator existed to do away with said heat. However, the heat did no damage unless the Armored Core overheated, in which case the Armored Core would take damage until the heat is dispersed. Strangely, the damage incurred was minimal, and it was quite feasible to only use the basic radiator.
- Hover-Type Legs - A new leg type, hover legs served as the opposite of tank legs. Where tank legs are slow, cumbersome fortresses of armor capable of supporting heavy cannons, hover legs were light, agile platforms that allowed Armored Cores to move extremely rapidly. Hover legs, as can be inferred by their name, were essentially hovering platforms which the Armored Core's core was mounted on, giving the Armored Core a resemblance to a mounted knight of the middle ages era of Earth.
Overall, the Second Generation was one of the most critical of all the generations, in terms of the precedents it set. The overboost and extension weapons became staple functions of the Armored Core, and exist today in the Fourth Generation. The inside weaponry and energy shields lasted for several more generations, and were the inspiration for other types of weapons later on. And the radiator, though relatively minor in the Second Generation, would become exceptionally important later on. The Second Generation was largely the foundation upon which all other Armored Cores are built on, more so than the First Generation, making it one of the most important generations of all-time, and a symbol of the Armored Core franchise.
The drawbacks of the Second Generation were not as overt as the First Generation, with the mobility problem alleviated somewhat by overboosting and the combat dynamics improved with the addition of extension and inside weapons. However, this led to increased weight that had to be supported by the legs, and, with the addition of the radiator, meant there was less overall room for weapons. The radiator became, essentially, dead weight, until later, when was used to completely change the balance of the games and alter the mobility available to the Armored Core. Despite this, the Second Generation as a whole presents a stable, consummate example of Armored Core technology.
The Third Generation - AC3 to Last RavenEdit
The Third Generation is split into two groups:the "early" period consisting of Armored Core 3 and Silent Line, and the "late" period consisting of Nexus, Formula Front, Ninebreaker, and Last Raven. with key differences from each.
The Early-Third Generation - AC3 to Silent Line Edit
The Early Third Generation Armored Core was a huge leap in terms offensive ability, though mobility was not improved greatly in the transition from Second to Third Generation.
The following items were added to the Third Generation Armored Core:
- Exceed Orbit - A new type of core (as opposed to overboost cores) which possessed one to two small, hovering drones, each of which fired some form of projectile at any enemy within range. The type of shot (energy or solid) depended on the core, and the power corresponded to the core weight-classification (light had machine gun/energy machine gun EO, medium had rifle/laser rifle EO, and heavy had hi-laser/linear gun EO). Solid round EO became useless after the ammunition was depleted, the core simply becoming the same as a core from the First Generation, while energy EO regenerated its ammunition over time, a significant advantage in its favor.
- Inside Weapons - Inside weapons were moved to the inner shoulder, instead of the core. New types of weapons included napalm rockets, which set enemies on fire, ECM rockets, which jammed enemy electronics, and anti-generator rockets, which adversely affected enemy generator's upon impact.
- Left-Arm Weapons - One of the biggest improvements made to the Third Generation Armored Core was the ability to dual-wield weapons. A variety of weapons existed for the left arm, usually weaker (relatively) versions of weapons available to the right arm. This is not to say that shields and laser blades weren't still available, however, and the choice was purely academic and could vary from player to player.
The Early Third Generation was very important, because it was the first generation to include left-arm projectile weapons. However, other than an increase in weapon types and the addition of the left-arm gun, the Third Generation was not the cosmic leap the Second Generation was. In addition, the howitzer, an important (at least in the case of the left-arm versions) weapon would only last for this portion of the generation, being removed in Armored Core: Nexus for unexplained reasons.
The Late-Third Generation - Nexus to Last RavenEdit
The Late Third Generation of Armored Cores stood in stark contrast compared to all other generations; where every other generation improved largely on the previous generation, the Late Third Generation took several leaps backwards in terms of ability for the Armored Core. However, this weakening was actually only applied largely to the player-controlled Armored Core, making the games much harder during this generation. This was because of the OP-INTENSIFY-or more accurately, the lack thereof. Some enemy Ravens still enjoyed this advantage, but the player no longer had access to this part.
The other significant changes that occurred dealt with the AC radiator and heat management system. Firstly, it was decided that when an AC overheated, it would need to use large amounts of energy to power the radiator to cool down. Secondly, it was decided to raise the heat caused by all weapons dramatically (energy weapons specifically received increased heat output, as well as some high fire-rate weapons, like machine guns), making the energy drain relevant. Lastly, boosters were altered so that they use generated heat. Thus, it became incredibly difficult to create a long-term flight-capable AC, as it would constantly run out of energy and be grounded. The higher-level AIs were largely immune to this, as their innate OP-INTENSIFY powers gave them astonishingly increased radiator ability.
One notable thing about the Late Third Generation is that it saw the addition of many "legacy" parts. That is to say, many popular and well-known parts from the previous generations were re-added in this generation, with appropriate balancing changes to fit with the other parts. Included parts are the FINGER multi-barrel machine gun, Stinger of Armored Core: Project Phantasma's double bladed laser blade, and the frame parts to build the cover ACs of Armored Core 2 and Armored Core 2: Another Age, among several others.
Despite the player being generally handicapped during this generation, it was still the highest evolution of the "Normal" AC, having access to the widest variety of weapons and equipment.
The Late Third Generation provided the following changes:
- Hanger Cores - Likely the most important change to the Late Third Generation Armored Core, hanger cores added the ability to bring additional arm weapons into battle. Included in the weapons available are small, handheld pistols, machine guns, pulse rifles, plasma cannons, and other basic armaments. The hanger core could overlap with an overboost core, giving both abilities at once, but never with an exceed orbit core.
- Radiators - The radiator, as noted above, was made significantly more important to the player in the Late Third Generation. A good radiator was absolutely necessary to an AC's general movement, for without one the player would constantly be grounded due to lack of energy. This meant that there was much less room for weaponry on the player's AC, due to that weight being taken up by the improved radiator.
- Tuning - The Late Third Generation saw the addition of tuning. Almost every category of part, besides FCS and weapons, was given 10 points to spend on tuning and several categories to improve. One could choose to dedicate some points to each category, or all of them to one. In this way, a player could slightly improve his base parts without actually switching them out.
- Weapon Magazines - Late Third Generation weaponry received the interesting and less drastic change of magazines. Previous Armored Core games had weapons which kept firing until they completely emptied of ammo, a form of "bottomless magazine." From this point forward, Armored Cores reload some kinds of solid round weapons magazine-by-magazine; a machine gun, instead of firing 700 rounds straight, might now fire 70 before reloading. Many types of weapons were affected by this change, though usually they were high ammo weapons, and always solid round.
The Late Third would see the Normal out of dominance as the most powerful weapon on the battlefield. In that regard, it does well, outfitting AC's with the largest armory ever in any AC game. However, it was also very detrimental to the player's ability to fight effectively, while allowing the AI to still use many bonuses from older games the player could not. One could argue that this allows the AI to challenge the player on even ground, while another could say that this was an unfair and "cheap" way of making the AI better.
Regardless, the Late Third Generation, despite many weaknesses on the player side of things, was easily the strongest Normal generation if one takes the AI's abilities as canon. In that regard, the Late Third Generation Armored Core was almost monstrously powerful, and several Late Third Generation Armored Cores might even be enough to give an early Fourth Generation Armored Core pause in battle. That said, the Late Third Generation does not appear in any further games after Last Raven, so this theory could not be put to the test.
There were few drawbacks of the Third Generation; weapon types were plentiful, there were two types of cores to choose from, and the combinations of parts that could be made were shockingly numerous. A minor weakness can be noted in the left arm weapon; although it now provided an extra weapon beside the blade, it was difficult to use. This is mostly attributed to the fact that the left arm was always in the default standby position, thus in order to use it, it required a moment to lift the arm up to ready it in firing position before firing. This meant that there was a delay from the time the weapon was triggered and when it was fired. The left-arm weapon also had no targeting of its own, meaning that if the right-arm weapon was exhausted of ammo before the left-arm weapon and discarded, the left-arm weapon would simply have to be fired blindly.
However, despite these problems, the Early Third is still considered the Golden Age of the Armored Core technology. This would be short-lived, though, as the Late Third Generation rebalanced the game and reduced the overall effectiveness of the AC as the player could utilize it.
The Fourth Generation - AC4 to For Answer Edit
Early Fourth Generation - Pre-AC4EditExamples of Pre Fourth Armored Cores: 00-Aretha, 002-B
Preceding the the AC4 era Armored Core, these units are the first NEXT models in the AC4 Universe. They are the first units to contain the Kojima technology as well as other prototype designs, and also have the greatest variance in size; a first for an Armored Core series, these NEXTs are non-customizable and have a fixed set of parts and weapons. Despite being an older generation, these units are easily just as powerful, if not more so than mid Fourth Generation units; it is only in the latter half of the AC4 universe that the Fourth Generation NEXTs begin surpassing them. Due to their unstable and dangerous nature, this line of Armored Cores is discontinued soon after their creation. These machines would later be configured in Armored Core: For Answer to be entirely autonomous.
Mid-Fourth Generation - AC4Edit
By the time of Armored Core 4, there are two distinct classes of Armored Cores: Normals and NEXTs. The Fourth Generation of Armored Cores, called NEXTs, are the next step in Armored Core technology and represent experimentation into new territory. The Fourth Generation NEXT provided the following changes:
- Allegorical Manipulation System- A highly advanced and sophisticated piloting system developed by Professor Jarnefeld and Aspina, it gives Lynx's a very high degree of control over their NEXT. A special psychic trait is necessary for it to be used. The exact nature of the AMS is not understood, but the descriptions given by various characters throughout the game seem to suggest that it involves an actual mental link to the vehicle, rather than simply physically piloting the AC. The truth remains unclear as no NEXT's cockpit is ever shown to the player. A possible reason is that the pilot's brain is also linked to the NEXT's optical sensors, which would eliminate the need for a traditional cockpit altogether.
- Kojima Generators - Presumably the new energy source for NEXTs, as opposed to whatever powers the standard Normal, Kojima Generators use Kojima Particles, a highly radioactive and possibly artificial substance, to generate large amounts of energy. It is not known whether they do this through nuclear reaction or some other form of energy generation.
- Primal Armor (PA) - Particle shielding achieved by "molding" Kojima particles into an orb-shape. This would suggest that Kojima particles are related in some manner to plasma, as plasma can be "molded" in a similar manner with magnetic fields. In any case, Primal Armor serves effectively as a second layer of defense for a NEXT. Without it, they are much weaker defensively and are easily destroyed.
- Shoulder Weapons- The Fourth Generation name for Extension weaponry, this now includes PA molders (which increases PA integrity and strength) and flares (which distract missiles), among other new additions.
- Multiple Boosters - A huge leap in terms of mobility, NEXTs had many booster units all over the unit in order to not only help execute Quickboost's in multiple directions, but also to move with greater precision. Previous Armored Cores only had a pair of main boosters located on the back of the core unit and one on each leg for limited turning ability. This addition gives the NEXT superior maneuverability and control in both ground and aerial combat.
The Fourth Generation NEXT greatly out-performs every other generation of Armored Core thanks to the addition of AMS and Kojima generators, which amazingly increases the ACs' Energy Output; another key advantage was the removal of the red-zone of the generator; rather than shutting down entirely in the face of an energy shortage, a NEXT will simply momentarily cease energy-related functions in order to rapidly regain its energy stores, before moving on as if nothing had changed.
One notable change is that Armored Core parts are not individual but built from sets. For example the AALIYAH model of NEXT is built from parts based solely on AALIYAH based parts. A variant model, the ALICIA is named after its legs but is otherwise the same AALIYAH. Other NEXT designs are named differently from the "stock" based on a difference in arms. Most NEXT pilots use a NEXT based on a specific part set but with customized AC weapons.
Also notable is the lack of a radiator system, clearing up more space to be used for weapons or heavier gear. Relatedly, NEXTs of the Fourth Generation seem to be able to carry a great deal more than previous "Normals," and are significantly larger.
Finally, the left arm weapon has been made completely interchangeable with the right. There is no difference between weapons in either arm, although both arms have weapons bought in their own categories still. Both weapons also have their own targeting, and the latency period between trigger-pull and actual firing has been removed for left-arm weapons.Normals - A term used to refer to older generations of Armored Cores, but also includes models that do not use Kojima Particles. Conceived by the companies, they saw heavy use along with NEXTS during the National Dismantlement War. They are mass production units designed for large scale combat. While still more effective than conventional units, a Normal is typically completely outclassed by NEXTs. Despite this fact, they are still a mainstay of many of most companies forces, as NEXTs are presumably significantly more expensive and much more difficult to mass produce.
NEXTs - A term for what is considered to be the most advanced form of Armored Cores. Based on Normal technology, the NEXT's separate classification revolves around the use of Kojima technology and Aspina's AMS piloting system to make the already dangerous Armored Cores much more deadly on the battlefield. The NEXT represents the current high-point of Armored Core design, when compared to all other forms of the vehicle. NEXTs are repeatedly shown to be able to wipe out entire armies of lesser Normals and MTs, and only the most advanced Normals (such as BFF's "Silent Avalanche" sniper squadrons) are shown to be able to compete with them. NEXTs also have the widest range of customization of the AC generations, but are also notably more expensive. They are often the deciding factor in battles, and almost always the key to victory for the winning corporation in any major engagement.
Late Fourth Generation - ACFAEdit
Encompassing all NEXTs built the decade after the Lynx War, Late Fourth Generation models are considered to be the apex in the NEXT evolution. The ability to Quickboost has been increased several fold with greater efficiency in terms of KP drain, energy output, and and overall mobility. The Late Fourth Generation also noted the transition from a ground based unit with limited flight time to a more efficient unit with potentially limitless aerial capabilities; whereas in previous generations, an AC would lose considerable speed when airborne, a NEXT actually gained from it to a large degree.
This gave NEXTs not only the advantage of an extra dimension of movement, but also greater overall flexibility and survival rates as it was far better suited to changing combat situations than Normal Armored Cores, which were limited to basic boosting and were essentially stuck to the ground. Weaponry has also advanced in terms of sheer quantity as well as firepower the refinement of Kojima weapons technology. Simply put, NEXT technology has been refined to the point of perfection, allowing these mechanized one man armies to take on enormous odds (Arms Forts and even armies) and still come out on top.
The Late Fourth Generation NEXTs brought forth the following changes:
- Assault Armor - This innovation added a new offensive edge to the NEXT. Certain Over Boosters were equipped with the ability to unleash all of the AC's Kojima energy at once in a large blast that deals massive damage to anything and everything around the NEXT. The power of the blast depended on the Over Booster, but even the weaker Assault Armor generators could severely damage an enemy NEXT. The main downside of this attack is that by releasing all of a NEXT's Kojima energy, it leaves them without their Primal Armor for a short period of time, leaving that NEXT extremely vulnerable to heavy arms fire.
Despite the new capabilities of the Fourth Generation Armored Core, in some instances NEXTs lacked features of older models. The first and foremost was the lack of a core mounted Anti-Missile System. In older generations, most Cores usually had a built in laser-like interception system which was capable of destroying missiles that came into range; this function had no cost and did not take any energy. This feature is entirely absent in NEXTs, which may be considered a minor design flaw. However, taking into account a NEXT's superior agility, shoulder-mounted flares and Primal Armor, core-mounted anti-missile systems were essentially supplanted in terms of function.
Another key shortfall is shown in A Dark Night's March, in which it is shown that NEXTs also lack night vision capability, which is extremely odd, considering that most other units such as MTs, Normals, and even tanks had this piece of equipment, meaning that without support, a NEXT is essentially useless at night and much less effective during adverse weather conditions.
Another problem with NEXTs lies in their Primal Armor. When their Primal Armor is active, a NEXT is nearly indestructible, but once its Primal Armor is gone, it will take a lot of damage from even small arms fire. Because of this, NEXTs need to rely on their superior mobility in order to avoid taking hits that would drain a lot of their Primal Armor, and must also be careful when using Assault Armor.
Aside from the lack of night vision, most of the older features missing from the NEXT were so because of obsolescence, rather than design flaw. The lack of anti-missile systems were made up for primarily with Primal Armor and superior mobility, and in no way puts a NEXT at a disadvantage against any previous generation.
The Fifth Generation - ACV to Verdict DayEdit
Early Fifth Generation - ACVEdit
Whereas each succeeding generation of Armored Cores was a significant improvement over the next (with the exception of the Late Third), the Fifth Generation can be better described as one part refinement, one part advancement, and one part regression in terms of their overall capabilities.
Fifth Generation Armored Cores are now less than half the height of the previous generation and are designed to preform well in urban combat situations. Also, unlike in previous generations, the Fifth Generation Armored Cores generally work in groups of 2-5 and place emphasis on squad based tactics. The small size of the 5th Generation ACs allows them to quickly travel through alleys and other tight space, and also means that they can better use buildings as cover in order to protect themselves from projectiles.
These units no longer possess a radar system, and is instead replace by Scan Mode, a specialized mode that allows an AC, when used in conjunction with recon units, the ability to see opponents on the battlefield, even when hiding behind buildings. It also gives a huge energy boost, at the cost of the ability to fire weapons while in this mode.
Fifth Generation Armored Cores have also returned to their ground-based combat roots and have limited aerial capabilities, and are not able to fly or maintain height for extended periods of time. Despite this, they have an abundance of movement options, giving them greater variety in terms of boost they could use in any situation.
Compared to the previous generation, the booster system has been simplified and consolidated; instead of having a multi-booster arrangement, ACs now have a simple, single booster part type similar to older generations, arranged onto the core in two or four unit sets on the back and/or sides. This allowed heightened mobility options for AC's of this generation to such a degree that they can be seen as miniature NEXTs, with only the high energy costs from the above options holding a pilot back from more radical movement options.
The Fifth Generation brought forth the following changes to mobility:
*Normal boost - Normal boost is a default booster function which allows an AC to traverse terrain faster than walking. This boost takes no energy, and while airbourne, an AC will stay aloft for a short period of time, slowing floating back to the ground. Because of its slow nature, its not particularly useful for dodging, but allows an AC the ability to quietly maneuver in tight spaces.
*Hi-Boost - A very quick burst acceleration which replaces the Quick Boost of the Fourth Generation but is slower to reuse. This can range from a short and controlled burst to a powerful and long lasting one, moving a unit over huge distances.
*Glide Boost - Similar to the Overboost of previous generations, Glide boost is a cruise mode that allows an AC to travel at a fixed height but with the flexibility to move almost 360 degrees on a horizontal plane. It can be combined with Hi-Boost to increase speed for short periods of time. Its main limitation is that it can only be activated on a flat surface, and not in the air.
*Boost Charge - In essence a melee attack reinforced with boosters (a kick or a full unit tackle). It is an extended Hi-Boost, and will still move an AC a significant distance, albeit slower.
*Boost Drive - the ability to jump off building to gain more height or suddenly change directions. Its low energy usage and versatility gives ACs an edge in combat, allowing them to overtake or flank enemy units almost instantly.
Weapons have been drastically overhauled as well; ditching the back weapons system from older games, all weapons are now hand carried, with a weapon being equipped on each arm, and two on hangar units on the shoulder. "Back Weapons" are now classified as "Cannon Weapons," and require an AC to enter a stationary "ready" position before firing (similar to the old crouch for using the traditional back weapons). Certain legs also receive a defense bonus while in this mode.
With precision-type cannons, the AC must manually aim at its target. Tank legged ACs can use these weapons without entering the "ready" position, making them an ideal choice when considering the use of cannons.
All weapons and armor come in three damage type categories: KE, CE, and TE (Kinetic, Chemical, and Thermal). Bullet based projectiles deal KE damage, Chemical/Explosive type projectiles deal CE damage, and energy weapons deal TE damage. This allows Pilots to tailor their AC to become extremely resistant to certain kinds of weapons. When facing a Fifth-Generation AC, it is strongly recommended to scan them in order to determine which weapons to use against them.
The concept of the Hanger has also be dramatically improved. In previous generations, it was necessary to purge weapons to use the hangars. This is no longer the case, nor needed with the Fifth Generation unit as they attach to the shoulders via a carousel like mechanism. These hangers also allow pilots to store rifles and Gatling gun on them, rather than being limited to smaller weapons. Rockets and Missiles are relegated to built-in shoulder units and can be equipped in single or dual mounts, but two separate shoulder weapons cannot be equipped at the same time. The only weapons that require to be purged before using the hangars are cannon type weapons.
A key feature of this generation is their use of Ultimate Weapons, extremely powerful but difficult to use weapons capable of destroying at least one ordinary target in a single strike. These take the place of the traditional Back Unit and are extremely heavy. They prevent the use of Hangar parts however.
Late Fifth Gen - ACVDEdit
The second half of the Fifth Generation is similar to the Late Third Generation in that it saw many changes (most negative) to the effectiveness of parts and weapons, but also saw a boost to various others as well.
Overall, mobility for lighter units were increased greatly, allowing them an even larger advantage against other units. On the flip side, most heavier units, particularly tanks, became significantly slower with much weaker firepower, making them more vulnerable, less useful, and overall struggle to fight other units.
Energy recovery has been increased across the board, enabling ACs to reach new limits of operational time; some ACs are now able to stay permanently in hi-boost while in scan mode.
The Late Fifth Generation saw rise of a few new generation of parts:
Retrofit Parts: based on existing parts, retrofit parts were modifications of regular parts with significantly different stats, giving ACs different specializations and uses.
Weapon Arms: Like past generations, Weapon Arms do not offer a lot of armor or AP, but they make up for these drawbacks through their destructive power. All 5th generation weapon arms pack cannon type weaponry, and allow any AC to use them without entering the "ready" position. This means that Weapon Arms remove the mobility penalty of traditionally carrying such weapons on lighter ACs. These Weapon Arms also allow ACs to equip regular weapons on top of the ones present within the weapon arms, making these the most versatile Weapon Arms in any AC generation. Weapon arms can also allow storage for hand held cannons when the pilot starts using the Weapon Arms, rather than forcing the pilot to purge these weapons before switching, making them ideal choices for Tanks.
Shields: Making their return after their departure at the beginning of the 4th Generation Era, shields have been completely revamped. Instead of decreasing the amount of damage that an AC takes, it has its own AP and absorbs damage completely until it has been depleted. Much like the damage types it is split into three types: KE, CE and TE. Each type has a high single defense, and low defense in the other two areas. This means they excel extremely well against their rated damage type, losing little AP and rarely being dealt effective damage. However, against any other damage type, they will deplete quickly and will almost always take effective damage. Their portability and usefulness on almost any AC makes them a highly used and effective tool.
One of the important weaknesses of this Armored Core generation is their lack of a radar. Its replacement, Scan Mode, does not allow an AC to fire its weapon and locate enemies at the same time; ACs can still utilize boosters while in Scan Mode, and their Boost Charge attack. ACs also have limited numbers of recons; once depleted, Scan Mode becomes significantly less useful as a means to locate enemies.
5th Generation Armored Core also lack strong firepower alternatives for non-tank legs. Cannon-type weapons exist, but are limited to use by a handful of legtypes, and lacks a HUMAN-PLUS solution. This means that overall most units have significantly reduced offensive capabilities. This makes them much more situational. Cannons must also be purged in order for an AC to switch to a weapon that is being stored on their hanger, further reducing their utility. As a result of these draw backs, 5th Generation ACs work best in pairs or in groups, with each covering the others' weaknesses.
Despite their weaknesses, a team of well built 5th gen ACs can handle a fight against N-WGIX or even an Arms Fort if the pilots are skilled enough.
- First Generation Armored Cores had their laser blades stored inside arms similar to Nine-Ball Seraph. Whether or not this has any significance or simply was a technical limitation at the time is unknown.
- The first AC in existence was the Cored MT, a heavily modified and customizable Muscle Tracer.
- ACs from AC2 through Last Raven (Gen 2 and 3 / the PS2 generation) stand roughly 30 - 40 feet (9 - 12 meters) tall.
- Based on height and scale (1/72) of official models kits, in which bipedal ACs stand approx. 6" (or 152 mm) tall.
- It is uncertain if Gen 1 ACs from the Subterranean Era were of this height, given that there are no known model kits of ACs from that era. One can hypothesize they would be of similar height, since Gen 1 and 2 exist within the same timeline.
- ACs from AC4 and For Answer (Gen 4) stand roughly 40 - 45 feet (12 - 14 meters) tall.
- Based on height and scale (1/72) of official model kits, in which bipedal ACs stand roughly between 6.5 and 7.5" (or 165 and 190 mm) tall.
- ACs from AC5 and Verdict Day (Gen 5) are considered the smallest of all ACs throughout all the generations; estimated in around 18-25 feet (5.5-7.5 meters) tall.